Deductions Tartarus is a place where sinful angels (Demons) are confined Tartarus is a place of unique bondage: o In dungeons (or chains) o Being held for judgment Tartarus, while temporary, is more permanent than the Abyss.
Deductions The Great River Euphrates is a reference point for a place of angelic bondage To that end, it must be understood that the bondage associated with the Great River Euphrates is a bondage of demonic angels, as righteous angels are never noted in scripture to be bound.
brimstone ) Deductions o The lake of fire is a place for both angelic and human beings o Revelation 19:20 – The beast (Antichrist) – possibly could be considered angelic and human The false prophet – angelic o Revelation 20:10 Satan, too, is cast into the lake of fire – angelic o Revelation 20:14 “death and Hades” are thrown into the lake – the bodies and the souls of humans o Revelation 21:8 Descriptions of humans o The lake of fire is a place for the unrighteous o Wicked humans, the Beast, the false prophet, Satan o The lake of fire is confirmed as that which proceeds for Hades: it is the final abode of the those remaining in Hades/Sheol: Rev 20:14-15 (NIV)14Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire.
o Abaddon is the destruction of the soul only, while Gehenna is the destruction of body and soul o Gehenna is the final abode of the souls of the unrighteous o Being permanent, Gehenna must be the final destination of the souls of the wicked o It therefore must proceed the state of Abaddon, which is temporary To this end, “Hell” is a good modern translation for Gehenna, as Hell is understood in modern terms as a permanent place of destruction, burning and separation from God.
Issue with Hell in translation o The issue with the use of “Hell” today is that its English meaning has gradually transformed, indicating to most not a generalized “place of the dead,” but rather a localized “place of the unrighteous dead.” When one speaks Hell today, the immediate thought produced is a picture of raging fire and punishment, which is inconsistent with many scriptural uses of Sheol/Hades, which were places of both punishment and peace.
Rev 20 notes that Satan is released from the Abyss after one thousand years Rev 11 and 17 note the Antichrist rising from the Abyss Rev 9 notes the releasing of millions of beings from the Abyss General Conclusion The abyss is a temporary holding place for demons who have committed certain acts deemed punishable by God.
o In Acts 2:27, Peter quotes this Psalm specifically noting in v25 “David said about him” o He also explains his quote a few verses later: Acts 2:31 (NIV) “31 Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave , nor did his body see decay.” o Thus, Peter stipulates that David wrote Psalm 16:10 about Jesus Of Jesus, then, it is stated “you will not abandon me to the grave , nor will you let your Holy one see decay” o The abandoning is specifically referencing both the physical and spiritual state of Christ “you will not abandon me to the grave (or to Sheol in Psalms, Hades in Acts)” speaks of the state of the dead spiritual man in Hades/Sheol “nor will you let your Holy One see decay” speaks of the physical state of Christ’s death: his body will not decay in the physical grave, for he was only there three days.
Paradise The term “Paradise” is a Greek term meaning a royal park or a garden. Luke 23 refers to Paradise prior to Jesus’ resurrection 2 Corinthians 12 and Revelation 2 refer to Paradise after Christ’s resurrection.
Abraham’s Bosom The Term This term is found only in Luke 16, in Jesus story of Lazarus and the rich man. let them listen to them.’ 30 “‘No, father Abraham,’ he said, ‘but if someone from the dead goes to them, they will repent.’ 31 “He said to him, ‘If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead.’” The conclusions Abraham’s Bosom is a place for the righteous o V22 notes “the angels carried him to Abraham’s side” Jesus eludes (though does not formally teach nor confirm) to a Jewish tradition whereby angels carry away the righteous upon their deaths and demons carry away the unrighteous upon their deaths.
The Pit The term Obviously, “The Pit” is rendered in English because two different Hebrew terms are used metaphorically to describe “the pit.” Yet, both are clearly speaking of the same place, and both mean “the pit,” so they are grouped together in this section.