Interpreting the Bible (Pt 11) – Double Reference (Pt. 2)

This entry is part 10 of 14 in the series Interpreting the Bible (Vlog)

(This is a continuation of the “Interpreting The Bible“ video blog series.  This post assumes the prerequisite watching of earlier videos in the series.  Click the link above to watch the entire series up to this week’s installment.)

Continuing from last week’s introduction to the interpretive law of dual (or double) reference, this week’s lesson will focus in on the “gap” variety of dual reference; in which one prophecy is fulfilled in part from two different historical events which are separated by a gap of time.  As such, there is frequently a presumed fulfillment of a prophecy, yet the fulfillment does not completely meet the criteria of the original prophetic word.  As such, this presumed fulfillment is not complete, but partial, and will be later completed by further events.

Numerous messianic prophecies have unfolded in this manner.  In several cases, one prophetic sentence – or paragraph – depicts both the first and second comings of Christ.  These prophesies have been only partially fulfilled, as the “gap” has not yet passed before his second coming, when Christ will complete the prophetic vision.

Today’s video course is largely an illustration of this principle at work.

Bible Interpretation Pt. 11 from Jeff Kluttz on Vimeo.

Series Navigation<< Interpreting the Bible – Parts 9–10Interpreting the Bible 12 – Progressive Revelation >>

2 Responses to Interpreting the Bible (Pt 11) – Double Reference (Pt. 2)

  • So double referencing is biblical?

    • It is biblical in the sense that it happens- but that is not to say that people do not abuse it an attempt to establish double reference in places where it is not sound to do so. A simple example of dual reference is Isaiah 61. It begins, “The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me,
      because the Lord has anointed me
      to proclaim good news to the poor.
      He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
      to proclaim freedom for the captives
      and release from darkness for the prisoners,and to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor
      and the day of vengeance of our God,…”
      Jesus quotes up until this last line when he introduces himself as Messiah in his hometown of Nazareth. He then says “today this has been fulfilled in your hearing.” He stops his quote mid-sentence, just before “and the day of vengeance of our God”, because the rest of Isaiah 61 is about his second coming, not his first coming.
      Isaiah 61 is a Messianic prophecy about the works of Messiah. But, beginning in the middle of verse 2, the passage is about the second advent, not the first. As such, Isaiah 61 is a message that is fulfilled in two different days.

      Yes, dual reference is biblical- because there are passages that are not completely fulfilled at a single point in history. This is the basic nature of this prophetic tool.

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